Tanzania has a total surface area of 945,037 sq. km. The area of freshwater cover is estimated at 54,337 sq. km., which is about 6.1 percent of the total country’s surface area. The country has a Territorial Sea of 64,000 sq. km. And a stretch of a coastline of about 1,424 km long all in the Indian Ocean, and other inland water bodies (major and minor lakes, rivers, dams, ponds, and wetlands), covering about 5,000 sq. km. The country shares three major inland lakes: Lake Victoria (shared with Kenya and Uganda), Lake Tanganyika (shared with Burundi, DRC, and Zambia), and Lake Nyasa (shared with Malawi and Mozambique).
- Establishing fish processing plants and modern fishing boat-building yards.
- Establishing fishing storage facilities (blast Freezers, cold room, and Ice plants)
- Investing in fish production by cage-culture
- Encouraging into aquaculture
- Manufacturing of fish packaging materials for transportation
- Manufacturing and supply of fish feeds including live food production
- Deep-sea fishing, fish processing,
- Value addition in fish and other fisheries products, cold chain, manufacturing of fishing gear and accessories.
- Other areas include prawn/shrimp farming, mud-crab farming, pearl culture, seaweed farming, hatchery for fingerlings production,
- Tanzania is one of the largest fishing nations in Africa, according to FAO; it is ranked in the top 10 countries in terms of total capture fisheries production.
- The annual fish production is about 341,065 tons. In addition, the sector contributed about 1.4 percent to the GDP (National Statistics Bureau; 2010) and 10 percent to the national foreign exchange earnings.
- The sector employs more than 177,527 full-time fishermen and about 4 million people earn their livelihoods from the fisheries sector (Fisheries Statistics, 2011).
- For the years 2005 – 2010, fish and fishery products exports from Tanzania earned the country US$ 195.2 million per annum.
- The country shares three major inland lakes: Lake Victoria (shared with Kenya and Uganda), Lake Tanganyika (shared with Burundi, DRC, and Zambia), and Lake Nyasa (shared with Malawi and Mozambique).